|Welcome to the Arizona Board of Executive Clemency
History of the Board
Arizona first afforded inmates the opportunity for parole in 1901, prior to becoming a state. The agency then known as the Board of Control functioned as the Territory’s discretionary releasing mechanism and consisted of the Governor, Territorial Auditor, and one citizen appointed by the Governor.
The Board of Control retained its releasing authority until the first Arizona Criminal Code became effective in October 1913, when it was replaced by the Board of Pardons and Paroles. The three-person Board consisted of a Governor-appointed citizen chairperson, the Superintendent of Public Instruction and the Attorney General. Board composition remained unchanged for the next five decades.
In 1966, the Legislature expanded Board membership to five part-time members appointed by the Governor to five-year terms. Two years later, legislation replaced the five part-time members with three full-time members. The Governor appointed all members to three-year terms, subject to Senate confirmation.
In 1978, as part of the new Criminal Code, the Legislature expanded the Board to five full-time members serving five-year terms, with gubernatorial appointments remaining subject to Senate confirmation. In 1984, the Legislature further expanded the Board to seven full-time members.
The 1993 Legislative session included legislation that eliminated all Board releases for inmates whose offenses were committed after January 1, 1994, and changed the agency’s name to the Board of Executive Clemency.
In 1997, the Board’s membership was decreased from seven to five. That change became effective in January 1998.
In 2012, the Board membership consists of 5 members who may perform their duties on a full time basis.
The Board's Mission
The mission of the Arizona Board of Executive Clemency is to ensure public safety by considering and granting parole to inmates who are certified by the Department of Corrections and who appear not pose a threat to society and recommending to the Governor only those executive clemency actions that are in the best interests of the citizens of Arizona.
The Board’s Purpose
The Board conducts monthly parole hearings for inmates who were convicted of offenses committed on or before January 1, 1994. Hearings may also be held to consider Work Furlough, Home Arrest, Absolute Discharge from Imprisonment or from Parole Supervision: Parole Rescission; and Parole Revocation requests. The Board also conducts hearings for clemency actions that include Pardon, Commutation of Sentence and Reprieve.